References for articles concerning Plant Moisture Stress by topic


Cleary, B.D. and Zaerr, J.B. 1980. Pressure Chamber Techniques for Monitoring and Evaluating Seedling Water Status. New Zealand, Journal of Forestry Science. Vol. 10 (1): 133-141.

Duniway, J.M. 1971. Comparison of Pressure Chamber and Thermocouple Psychrometer Determinations of Leaf Water Status in Tomato. Plant Physiology. Volume 48: 106-107.

Kaufman, M.R. 1968. Evaluation of the Pressure Chamber Technique for Estimating Plant Water Potential in Forest Tree Species. Forest Science. Volume 14: 369-374.

Meron M. and Grimes D.W., et. al 1987. Pressure Chamber Procedures for Leaf Water Potential Measurements of Cotton. Irrigation Science. Volume 8: 215-222.

Naor, A., M. Peres. 2001. Pressure increase rate affects the accuracy of stem water potential measurements in deciduous trees using the pressure chamber technique. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 76:661-663.

Ritchie, G.A. and Hinckley, T.M. 1975. The Pressure Chamber as an Instrument for Ecological Research. Advances in Ecological Research. Volume 9: 165-254.

Scholander, P.F. and Hammel, H.T., et. al. 1965. Sap Pressure in Vascular Plants. Science. Volume 148: 339-346.

Shackel, Ken, The Pressure Chamber, a.k.a. “The Bomb”

Simonelli, M.L.N. and Spomer, L.A. 1980. Preparation of Customized Pressure Chamber Seals for Irregularly Shaped Succulent Organs. Agronomy Journal. Volume 72: 699-700.

Stegman, E.C. and Schiele, L.H., et. al. 1976. Plant Water Stress Criteria for Irrigation Scheduling. ASAE Paper No. 75-2555. Pages 850-855.

Turner, N.C. 1988. Measurement of Plant Water Status by the Pressure Chamber Technique. Irrigation Science. Volume 9: 289-308.

Tyee, M.T. and Hammel, H.T. 1972. The Measurement of the Turgor Pressure and the Water Relations of Plants by the Pressure Bomb Technique. J. Exp. Botany. Volume 23: 267-282.

Wenker, W. and Lemon, E.R., et. al. 1978. Changes in Water Potential During Pressure Bomb Measurement. Agronomy Journal. Volume 70: 353-355.


Boyer, J.S. 1968. Relationship of Water Potential to Growth of Leaves. Plant Physiology. Volume 43: 1056-1062 Clark, R.N. and Hiler, E.A. 1973. Plant Measurements as Indicators of Crop Water Deficit. Crop Science. Volume 13: 466-469

Cleary, B.D. 1968. Water Stress Measurements and their Application to Forest Regeneration. West. Refor. Coord. Comm. Proc. West. For Cons. Assoc., Portland Oregon, 29-32

Cutler, J.M. and Rains, D.W. 1977. Effects of Irrigation History on Responses of Cotton to Subsequent Water Stress. Crop Science. Volume 17: 329-335.

Daniels, T.G. 1978. The Effects of Winter Plant Moisture Stress on Survival and growth of 2 + 0 Douglas Fir Seedlings. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University.

De Roo, H.C. 1969. Leaf Water Potentials of Sorghum and Corn Estimated with the Pressure Bomb. Agronomy Journal. Volume 61: 969-970.

Fereres, E. and Acevedo, E., et. al. 1978. Seasonal Changes in Water Potential and Turgor Maintenance in Sorghum and Maize under Water Stress. Plant Physiology. Volume 44: 261-267.

Gunton, J.L. and Evenson, J.P. 1980. Moisture Stress in Navy Beans. II. Relationship between Leaf Water Potential and Growth and Yield. Irrigation Science. Volume 2: 59-65.

Halevy, A..H. 1972. Water Stress and the Timing of Irrigation. Hortscience. Volume 7 (2): 113-116.

Inuyama, S. 1978. Varietal Differences in Leaf Water Potential Diffusive Resistance and Grain Yield of Grain Sorghum affected by Drought Stress. JPN J. Crop Science. Volume 47 (2): 255-261.

Inuyama, S. and Masick, J.T., et. al. 1976. Effect on Plant Water Deficits at Various Growth Stages on Growth Grain Yield and Leaf Water Potential of Irrigated Grain Sorghum. Proc. Crop Science. J. Volume 45: 298.

Jarvis, P.G. and Jarvis, M.S. 1963. The Water Relations of Tree Seedlings I. Growth and Water Use in Relation to Soil Water Potential. Plant Physiology. Volume 16: 215-235.

Naor, A. 1998. Relationships between leaf and stem water potentials and stomatal conductance in three field-grown woody species. J. Hort. Sci. Bioch. 73: 431-436. Parson, J.E. and Phene, C.J., et. al. 1979. Soil Water Stress and Photosynthesis in Cotton. Plant Physiology. Volume 47: 185-189.

Reicosky, D.C. and Campbell, R.B., et. al. 1975. Diurnal Fluctuation of Leaf Water Potential of Corn as influenced by Soil Matrix Potential and Microclimate. Agronomy Journal. Volume 67: 380-397.

Shouse P. and Dasberg, S., et. al. 1981. Water Deficit Effects on Water Potential, Yield and Water Use of Cowpeas. Agronomy Journal. Volume 73 (2): 333-336.

Teare, I.D. and Kanemasu, E.T. 1971. Stomatal Diffusion Resistance and Water Potential of Soybean and Sorghum Leaves. New Phytol. Volume 71: 805-810.

Thomas, J.C. and Brown, K.W., 1976. Stomatal Response to Leaf Water Potential as Affected by Preconditioning Water Stress in the Field. Agronomy Journal. Volume 68: 706-708.

Waring, R.H. and Cleary, B.D. 1967. Plant Moisture Stress: Evaluation by Pressure Bomb. Science. Volume 155: 1248-1254.

Wiegand, C.L. and Namken, I.N., 1966. Influences of Plant Moisture Stress, Solar Radiation and Air Temperatures on Cotton Leaf Temperature. Agronomy Journal. Volume 58: 582.


Ackerson, R.C. and Krieg, D.R., et. al. 1977. Effects of Plant Water Status on Stomatal Activity, Photosynthesis, and Nitrate Reductase Activity of Field Grown Cotton. Crop Science. Volume 17: 81-84.

Bielorai, H. and Hopmans, P.A.M. 1975. Recovery of Leaf Water Potential, Transpiration and Photosynthesis of Cotton during irrigation cycles. Agronomy Journal. Volume 67: 629-632.

Bogart, Kay, Consulting Winemaker/ Vineyard Enologist. January 2005. Measuring Wine Grape Water Status Using A Pressure Chamber.

Bunce, J.A. 1977. Leaf Elongation in relation to Leaf Water Potential in Soybeans. Journal of Experimental Botany. Volume 28: 158-163.

Fulton, Allan and Cindy McClain. 2002. Ag Water and Land Resource Manager: Using the Pressure Chamber for Irrigation Scheduling. Vol. 3 No. 1. pp. 8.

Grimes, D.W. and El-Zik, K.M. 1982. Water Management for Cotton. University of California, Cooperative Extension Bulletin 1904.

Grimes, D.W. and Yamada, H. 1982. Relation of Cotton Growth and Yield to Minimum Leaf Water Potential. Crop Science. Volume 22: 134-139.

Grimes, D.W. and Dickens, W.L., et. al. 1978. Early-Season Water Management for Cotton. Agronomy Journal. Volume 70: 1009-1012.

Grimes, D.W. and Williams, L.E. 1990. Irrigation Effects on Plant Water Relations and Productivity of Thompson Seedless Grapevines. Crop Science. Volume 30: 255-260.

Grimes, D.W. and Yamada, H. 1982. Relation of Cotton Gossypium-Hirsutum Growth and Yield to Minimum Leaf Water Potential. Crop Science. Volume 22 (1): 134-139.

Hake, S.J., Kerby, T.A., Hake, K.D. 1996 Cotton Production Manual. University of California Publication #3352. Pages 228-247. Excellent source of information for cotton growers. You may order this manual through University of California (800)994-8849 or

Heatherly, L.G. and Russell, W.J., et. al. 1977. Water Relations and Growth of Soybeans in Drying Soil. Crop Science. Volume 17: 318-386.

Jordan, W.R. 1970. Growth of Cotton Seedlings in Relation to Maximum Daily Plant Water Potential. Agronomy Journal. Volume 62: 699-701.

Naor, A., B. Bravdo, and Y. Hepner. 1993. Effect of post veraison irrigation level on Sauvignon blanc yield, juice quality and water relations. S. Afr. J. Enol. Vitic. 14:19-25.

Sanden, B. 1997. Bomb your Cotton for Maximum Profit Bakersfield, California County Farm Advisor.

Stanley, C.D. and Harbaugh, B.K. 1981. Chrysanthemum (Chrysathemum-Morifolium Ramat.) Leaf Water Potential Response to Differing Trickle Irrigation Rates. Hortscience. Volume 16 (3 Sect 2.):447.

Syvertsen, J.P. and Albrig, L.G. 1980. Seasonal and Diurnal Citrus Leaf and Fruit Water Relations. Bot. Gaz. Volume 141 (4):440-446.


Fulton, Allan, Richard Buchner, Bill Olsen, Larry Schwankl, Cyndi Gilles, Nick Bertagna, Jed Walton, and Ken Shackel. 2001. Modifying Midday Stem Water Potential Measurement in Walnut to Improve Acceptance as a Practical Irrigation Management Tool. Walnut Research Reports: 139 – 142.

Fulton Allan, Richard Buchner, and Cayle Little. 2001. Field Experiences with Interpreting Midday Stem Water Potential Levels in Walnut. Walnut Research Reports: 143-149.

Fulton, Allan, Richard Buchner, Cayle Little, and Cyndi Gilles. 2001. Shoot Growth Response of Third Leaf Howard Walnuts to Midday Stem Water Potential. Walnut Research Reports: 151- 155.

Fulton, Allan, Richard Buchner, and Cayle Little. 2001. A survey of midday stem water potential (SWP) levels in Commercial Walnut Orchards of Tehama County, 2000 and 2001 Seasons. Walnut Research Reports: 157-164.

Fulton, Allan and Cindy McClain. 2002. Ag Water and Land Resource Manager: Using the Pressure Chamber for Irrigation Scheduling. Vol. 3 No. 1. pp. 8.

Fulton, Allan, Richard Buchner, Bill Olsen, Larry Schwankl, Cyndi Gilles, Nick Bertagna, Jed Walton, and Ken Shackel. 2001. Rapid Equilibration of Leaf and Stem Water Potential under Field Conditions in Almonds, Walnut, and Prunes. HortTechnology. Volume 11, Number 4, 609-615.

Goldhamer, D. Salinas, M. Black Mission fig production improved by heavier irrigation. California Agriculture. November-December 1999. Page 30.

Lampinen, Bruce and Samuel Metcalf. 2001. Comparison of Watermark Sensors with Stem Water Potential Readings in Chandler, Howard, and Tulare Orchards. Walnut Research Reports: 165-174.

Mata M., Girona J., Goldhamer D. Fereres E., Cohen M., Johnson S. Water relations of lysimeter-grown peach trees are sensitive to deficit irrigation. California Agriculture, July-August 1999. Page 17.

Mata M., Girona J., Goldhamer D. Fereres E., Cohen M., Continue trunk diameter recording can reveal water stress in peach trees. California Agriculture, July-August 1999. Page 21.

Naor, A., I. Klein, and I. Doron. 1995. Stem water potential and apple fruit size. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 120:577-582.

Naor, A., I. Klein, I. Doron, Y. Gal, Z. Ben-David, B. Bravdo. 1997. The effect of irrigation and crop load on stem water potential and apple fruit size. J. Hort. Sci. 72: 765-771.

Naor, A., I. Klein, H. Hupert, Y. Grinblat, M. Peres. 1999. Irrigation and crop load interactions in relation to nectarine yield, fruit size distribution and water potentials. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 124: 189-193.

Naor, A., M. Peres, Y. Greenblat, I. Doron, Y. Gal, and R. A. Stern. 2000. Irrigation and crop load interactions in relation to pear yield and fruit-size distribution. J. Hort. Sci. Bioch. 75: 555-561.

Naor, A., H. Hupert, Y. Greenblat, M. Peres, and I. Klein. 2001. The response of nectarine fruit size and midday stem water potential to irrigation level in stage III and crop load. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126:140-143.

Naor, A. 2001. The Effect of Irrigation and Crop Level on Fruit Size and Water Relations in Field-Grown ‘Spadona (Pyrus communis) Pear. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126:252-255.


Baker, G.A. and Rundel, P.W. 1981. Ecological Relationships of Quercus Douglas II (Fagaceae) in the Foothill Zone of Sequoia National Park, California. Madrono, Vol. 28: 1-12.

Cleary, B.D. and Greaves, R.D. 1978. Seedlings. In Regenerating Oregons Forests. Oregon State University Extension Service. 63-97.

Cleary, B.D. 1971. The effect of Plant Moisture Stress on the Physiology and Establishment of Planted Douglas Fir and Ponderosa Pine Seedlings. PH.D. Dissertation. Oregon State University, Corvallis. 85P.

Debra C. Stowe, Mohammed S. Lamhamedi, and Hank A. Margolis. Water relations, cuticular traspiration, and bud characteristics of air-slit containerized Picea Glauca seedlings in response to controlled irrigation regimes. Can. J. For. Res. Vol. 31, 2001. 2200-2212.

Hull, J.C. and Woods, S.G. 1984. Water relations of oak species on and adjacent to a Maryland serpentine soil. American Midland Naturalist 112:224-234.

Mohammed Lamhamedi, Gil Lambany, Hank Margolis, Mario Renaud, Linda Veilleux and Pierre Y. Bernier. Growth, physiology, and leachate losses in Picea glauca seedlings (1+0) grown in air-slit containers under different irrigation regimes. Can J. For. Res. 31: 1968-1980 (2001)

Mohammed S. Lamhamedi, Hank Margolis, Mario Renaud, Linda Veilleux et Isabelle Auger. Effets de differentes regies d’irrigation sur la croissance, la nutrition minerale et le lessivage des elements nutritifs des semis d’epinette noire (1+0) produits en recipients a parois ajourees en pepiniere forestiere. Can J. For. Res. 33: 279-291 (2003).

Reich, P.B. and Hinckley, T.M. 1980. Water relations, soil fertility, and plant nutrient composition of a pigmy oak exosystem. Ecology 61:400-416.

Stern R., M. Meron, A. Naor. S. Gazit, B. Bravdo, R. Wallach. 1998. Effect of autumnal irrigation level in ‘Mauritius’ lychee on soil and plant water status and following year flowering intensity and yield. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123:150-155.


Baker, G.A. and Rundel, P.W., et. al. 1982. Comparative Phenology and Growth in Three Chaparral Shrubs. Bot. Gaz. Volume. 143 (1): 94-100.

Baughn, J.W. and Tanner, C.B. 1976. Leaf Water Potential: Comparison of Pressure Chamber and in Situ Hygrometer on Five Herbaceous Species. Crop Science. Volume 16: 181-184.

Bunce, J.A. 1978. Effects of Water Stress on Leaf Expansion Net Photosynthesis and Vegetative Growth of Soybeans and Cotton. Canadian Journal of Botany. Volume 56 (13): 1492-1498.

Carlson, R.E. and Momen, N.N., et. al. 1978. Leaf Water Potential and Diffusive Resistance Relationships to Yield and Yield Components of Soybeans. Iowa State Journal of Research. Volume 53: 161-175.

Carter, P.R., Sheaffer, C.C., 1982. Root Growth, Herbage Yield and Plant Water Status of Alfalfa Culticars (Medicago Sativa). Crop Science. Volume 22: 425-427.

Dixon, H.H. 1914. Transpiration and the Ascent of Sap in Plants. Macmillan, New York. 177P.

Fereres, G. and Cruz-Romero, G., et. al. 1979. Recovery of Orange Trees Following Severe Water Stress. Journal of Applied Ecology. Volume 16: 833-842.

Gardner, B.R. and Blad, B.L., 1981. Relationships between Crop Temperature, Grain Yield, Evapotranspiration and Phenological Development in two Hybrids of Moisture Stressed Sorghum. Irrigation Science. Volume 2: 213-224.

Klepper, B. and Ceccato, R.D. 1969. Determination of Leaf and Fruit Water Potential with a Pressure Chamber. Hort Res. Volume 9:1-7.

Lavender, D.P. and Cleary, B.D. 1974. Coniferous Seedling Production Techniques to Improve Seedling Establishment. North American Containerized Forum. Tree Seedling Symposium. Great Plains Agricultural Council. Volume 68: 177-180.

Lindquist, J.L. 1977. Plant Moisture Stress Patterns in planted Douglas-Fir: A preliminary study of the Effects of Crown and Aspect. USDA Forest Service Research Note, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station No. PSW-325 5.

Lucier, A.A. and Hinckley, T.M. 1982. Phenology, Growth and Water Relations of Irrigated and Non-Irrigated Black Walnut. Forest Ecology and Management Volume 4: Printed in the Netherlands- Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam. 127-142.

Maotani, T. and Machida, Y. 1977. Effects of Summer Water Potential of Satsmua Madarin Trees on Fruit Characteristics at Harvest Tim. J. Japan Soc. Hort. Sci. Volume 46 (2): 145-152.

Millar, A.A., Jensen, R.E., et. al. 1971. Influence of Atmospheric and Soil Environmental Parameters on the Diurnal Fluctuations of Leaf Water Status of Barley. Agric Meteorol. Volume 8: 93.

Momen, N.N. and Carlson, R.E., et. al. 1979. Moisture-Stress Effects on the Yield Components of two Soybean Cultivars. Agronomy Journal. Volume 71: 86-90.

Naor, A., S. Cohen 2003. The sensitivity and variability of maximum trunk shrinkage, midday stem water potential, and transpiration rate in response to withholding of irrigation in field-grown apple trees Hortscience 38:547-551.

Parson, J.E. and Rundel, R.W., et. al. 1981. Survival of Severe Drought by a Non-Sprouting chaparral Shrub. American Journal Botany. Volume 68 (7): 973-979.

Pill, W.G. and Lambeth, V.N., et. al. 1979. Effects of Cycocel and Nitrogen Form on Tomato Water Relations, Ion Composition, and Yield. Canadian Journal Plant Science. Volume 59: 391-397.

Rundel, P.W. 1979. Adaptations of Mediterranean-Climate Oaks to Environmental Stress. Ecology, Management, and Utilizations of California Oaks, USDA Forest Service General, General Technical Report PSW-44. 43-54.

Wallender, W.W. and Grimes, D.W., et. al. 1979. Estimating the Contribution of a Perched Water Table to the Seasonal Evapotranspiration of Cotton. Agronomy Journal. Volume 71: 1056-1060.

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